Hello, the Smith, you wrote: I Want to take the car. Big I do not allocate, therefore the choice is insignificant, here the list that it would be possible to take: (loaf/goat), Volga (31022 or 31029), the Harmony (quadruple or something close), the Field. Under your budget are inscribed: 1. Zhyguli-klassega (2106-2107 2. Chisels (2108-2109 3. Ten (2110 4. A field short (2121 5. (469, 3151) 6. Toyotas of the beginning 90 (Carina, Caldina, Cartona and Malenkaya Sobachona) 7. Other ( them) As it is supposed that the machine will be , there is some question (for it would not be desirable to take pure the machine for standing in expectation of repair though I understand that absolutely to avoid repairs does not quit in such situation). Which you should itself set the first question: who will service and repair the machine? 1) whether Is in the mentioned list something what to take precisely does not follow? For example, it seemed to me that loaves now not so a lot of normal sell, a state at them often absolutely sad (though I can and be mistaken). Oise it is possible to take only in the presence of own . All masters on-uazam in the prices are guided on rich type IID and on repair you can easily be destroyed. Than Volga to take better not. At all to you generations of teenagers. Fields generations of collective farmers. Classics taxi drivers. More shortly, life - a pain, all - the decay also is not present a temple in the city of Jerusalem. 2) On each of the mentioned machines, what lower threshold of the price, after which it already most likely a scrap metal pile? To an example the machine for 5 thousand, despite tons of assurances that "on the move", most likely is pure for gate to leave, and to cause the wrecker. It practically does not depend on the price. As a whole, the psychological boundary after which amount of suitable sentences increases somewhere 100 thousand roubles. The further magnification of the price assumes magnification sentences and so indefinitely. I would suggest to go on shows of cars for 40-60-80 thousand and if turns up nothing to increase the budget. It is necessary to understand that in a segment "" problemless devices do not happen. Your task to select that machine with which problems you are ready to be reconciled. To mark it has rather mediated relation, it not that segment to sort out.> 3) the general plan Question, admit I was defined from the easily soiled machine, meal to look the specific creation what it is necessary to check up first of all at her? Clear business, the seller will try to lubricate attention from problem places, he (if the owner) knows them, and I can be not familiar with the given model, as a result I will receive a problem, whence did not wait. (Each machine can have similar moments if who has an experience - will be very grateful for such information). Most easier to look to the seller in eyes and to ask to tell fairly that with machine. If it without leading out a sight starts to treat that all norms, the grandfather on a summer residence went, silently charge to it with left in an ear and go to the following. The right answers: a beaten rotten body (the floor underfoot at the driver, a floor in a luggage carrier normally decays, thresholds) you take with itself sewed and you pierce through a carpet through, the motor asks. It is easy for defining on a sound, the serviceable heated-up motor should hum as a healthy cat. If something clanks, taps, turns float, flashouts are passed, etc. the motor it is necessary to look. You take with yourself a stethoscope of the mechanic (200 roubles on any market) and with a clever type you listen to a head, and the unit. That in what place to listen and how to interpret results look on . Still variants of the right answers: the box in a partition and a suspension bracket was tired. It is checked besides elementarily. You get into the car and go on equal asphalt on each transmission switching upwards and downwards successively and through one. If any does not turn on, turnes on hardly, takes off, does not turn on 1 after 3, and also all outside noise - a box in repair. At the same time, if the motor does not pull ( in a floor, behind the black smoke and the machine does not go), it too will be visible. Superfluous sounds from a box basically should not be. The same with reducers. A superfluous sound or shocks - in repair. A suspension bracket also to check up simply. You ask a companion to shake the machine, and itself you climb under it with a small lamp. If after strong rolling the machine is more than 2 times, shock-absorbers under changeover. If something or dangles, it something under changeover. Generally it makes sense to tire out the machine on a platform and to look from below. You go on more shortly, you enter request "how to look second-hand % %" and you are educated. The most unpleasant that waits for you it rotten the electrician. About it to you nobody tells, whether well it is not enough, last year the arrow of a tachometer twitched also an accumulator bulb burned, but after all all itself was corrected. And in practice it a call that insulation somewhere in a bundle frayed and shorts on the earth. And tests it not to calculate in any way. For old carburetor machines of anything terrible, and with an injector it is possible to find out in the morning once that the engine is not got and what to do not clearly. There is a judgement that the machine is necessary, , is mandatory to tire out "on diagnostics" on HUNDRED. And so, it is all as the co-owner HUNDRED I speak." They diagnose " that method that I described, because on normal it long and expensively. For example, to check up the engine it is necessary: 1. To get and listen 2. To take out candles and to measure a compression 3. To glance in cylinders 4. To glance in a head through oil cork 5. To wait while the engine cools down and to measure a compression on cold And it is only one aggregate. Naturally, anybody not begins to pay for it also all"diagnostics"is reduced to the first point. Which guarantees nothing, actually. I know one million stories when normal pros bought on analysis the engine after such short test, brought it, assorted and found out that he is killed in stuff.> 4) whether Has sense to look at a year of release? Here for example one person writes, what the car on the move, all is excellent, year of release 1975, a goat, the price nearby 60 , it is necessary such to trust, or here most likely something do not finish speaking? (1975 all the same) Costs. Expression "all is excellent" it is necessary to understand as "all perfectly for 1975 of release". You should go and look that it means in practice. For example, you slam a driver's door, and the luggage carrier opens. Or between a roof and a windshield the hole in which easily gets the average sizes . Or the gas pedal jams also it it is necessary to hook reversely durable. 5) I never the machine bought, therefore a silly question - how it is necessary to search for the seller, I while only through know, can eat any other platforms, can at any more than trust, at any less, someone can knows? auto.ru and auto.drom.ru not anything good is not present.> 6) Matters, in what season to take the machine? For example to wait till the spring that what for a winter decays rotted, and either strongly went down in price or generally left in breakage? Yes. In the summer the machine to look easier. In the winter before you there will be a dirty piece of ice and understand where it rotten.