Hello, pagid, you wrote: P> Strong-willed and not absolutely indisputable decision it only idea to take advantage almost completely copied -1, but also here the reason was - the industry mastered a new class of products, details, raw materials. It is normal practice. B>> but politically it appeared harmfully. P> yes all was while it became not well-known, and we dig in the past with words "politically harmfully" Simply tore not half-live. Any talk about rockets is reduced by them to "tore off at Germans!" A certain variant . B>> Developed the, it is better German. P> yes, but also the separate elements tested and at that point in time justified did not refuse. It is bad? It speaks about backwardness of the USSR? B>> so it not one ran away, and with a command. P> it took out with a command, whether but she developed Saturn-5 Took part at least. And their pupils also. B>> By the way: Americans developed the alternative project. And only when it completely failed, gave to Brown to green light. P> it about start of the first companion likely. Yes. B>> Tsialkovky, Queens, "Katyusha" - not! Did not hear! P> Tsiolkovsky it is faster the theorist-dreamer in good sense and the ideologist of outer space exploration. Offered the rocket as the main means of transportation. P> Queens in ballistic missiles to Fau-2 was not engaged, but certainly it at that point in time was the engineer and the designer in reactive area skilled and without knowledge, experience and its talents, Glushko and others to create in the USSR rocket production and astronautics so quickly it would not turn out Rockets the Queen from the very beginning were ballistic for control facilities them were not. Simply all its first rockets were much less . P> "Katyusha" it is a little from other area, it the general principle of driving connects to ballistic missiles only. The katyusha used the engine. Has been uncontrollable and flied on a ballistic path. Vanyusha strongly conceded German analog to it.